The Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children (ICPC) is a contract among all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and the Virgin Islands that provides for the protection and support services for children that are moved between U.S. states for birth parent unification or reunification when the court has jurisdiction over the child.

The ICPC ensures that the sending agency or individual does not lose jurisdiction over the child once the child moves to the receiving state. An ICPC case is closed when a child is adopted, reaches the age of majority, or becomes self-supporting or when the appropriate authorities in the sending state and receiving state agree that the ICPC case can be closed.

The idea for the ICPC was developed in the 1950s, and New York became the first party to the agreement in 1960.